Audit trails and metadata in medical malpractice cases
"An EMR audit trail is considered system metadata because it contains “a record of every change or addition to an electronic medical record” and “includes the identification of the terminal used to access the record and the date, time, and author of the change or addition to the electronic medical record.” Jeffrey L. Masor, “Electronic Medical Records and E-Discovery: With New Technology Come New Challenges,” 5:2 Hastings Sci. and Tech. L. J. 245, 254 (2013) (citations omitted)."